The Web Services for Remote Portlets specification defines a web service interface for accessing and interacting with interactive presentation-oriented web services. It has been produced through the efforts of the Web Services for Remote Portlets (WSRP) OASIS Technical Committee. It is based on the requirements gathered and on the concrete proposals made to the committee.
Scenarios that motivate WSRP functionality include:
JBoss Portal provides a base level support of the WSRP 1.0 standard and offers both consumer and producer services. WSRP support is provided by the portal-wsrp.sar service archive, included in the main jboss-portal.sar service archive.
If you've obtained the source distribution of JBoss Portal, you need to build and deploy the WSRP service separately. Please follow the instructions on how to install JBoss Portal from the sources. Once this is done, navigate to JBOSS_PORTAL_HOME_DIRECTORY/wsrp and type:
At the end of the build process, portal-wsrp.sar is copied to JBOSS_HOME/server/default/deploy.
JBoss Portal does not, by default, expose local portlets for consumption by remote WSRP consumers. In order to make a portlet remotely available, it must be made "remotable" by adding a remotable element to the jboss-portlet.xml deployment descriptor for that portlet. If a jboss-portlet.xml file does not exist, one must be added to the WEB-INF folder of the web application containing the portlet.
In the following example, the "BasicPortlet" portlet is specified as being remotable. The remotable element is optional.
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <portlet> <portlet-name>BasicPortlet</portlet-name> <remotable>true</remotable> </portlet>
It is also possible to specify that all the portlets declared within a given jboss-portlet.xml file have a specific "remotable" status by default. Usually, this feature will be used to remotely expose several portlets without having to specify the status for all the declared portlets. Let's look at an example:
<portlet-app> <remotable>true</remotable> <portlet> <portlet-name>RemotelyExposedPortlet</portlet-name> ... </portlet> <portlet> <portlet-name>NotRemotelyExposedPortlet</portlet-name> <remotable>false</remotable> ... </portlet> </portlet-app>
In the example above, we defined two portlets with a default "remotable" status set to true. This means that all portlets defined in this descriptor are, by default, exposed remotely by JBoss Portal's WSRP producer. Note, however, that it is possible to override the default behavior by adding a remotable element to a portlet description. In that case, the "remotable" status defined by the portlet takes precedence over the default. In the example above, the RemotelyExposedPortlet inherits the "remotable" status defined by default since it does not specify a remotable element in its description. The NotRemotelyExposedPortlet, however, overrides the default behavior and is not remotely exposed. Note that in the absence of a top-level remotable element, portlets are NOT remotely exposed.
WSRP Consumers vary a lot as far as how they are configured. Most of them require that you either specify the URL for the Producer's WSDL definition or the URLs for the individual endpoints.
JBoss Portal's Producer is automatically set up when you deploy a portal instance. Assuming you're running a default configuration (i.e. you haven't changed the server's port number), you can access the WSDL file at http://localhost:8080/portal-wsrp/MarkupService?wsdl. You can acces the endpoint URLs are:
To be able to consume WSRP portlets exposed by a remote producer, JBoss Portal's WSRP consumer needs to know how to access that remote producer. One can configure access to a remote producer via *-wsrp.xml descriptors. These files can be dropped in the deploy directory of the JBoss application server or nested in .sar files. It is possible to configure access to several different producers within a single -wsrp.xml file or use one file per producer.
Once a remote producer has been configured in a -wsrp.xml file, it becomes available in the list of portlet provider in the Management portlet on the Admin page of JBoss Portal. You can then examine the list of portlets that are exposed by this producer and configure the portlets just like you would for local portlets.
JBoss Portal's default configuration exposes some of the sample portlets for remote consumption. As a way to test the WSRP service, a default consumer has been configured to consume these portlets. To make sure that the service indeed works, checks that there is a portlet provider with the self identifier in the portlet providers list in the Management portlet of the Admin page. All local portlets marked as remotable are therefore exposed as remote portlets via the self portlet provider so that you can check that they work as expected with WSRP. The portal-wsrp.sar file contains a default-wsrp.xml that configures this default producer. This file can be edited or removed if needed.
Let's see work through the steps of defining access to a remote producer so that its portlets can be consumed within JBoss Portal. We will configure access to BEA's public WSRP producer. To do so, you will need to create a -wsrp.xml file (which we will call here public-bea-wsrp.xml but the name does not matter as long as it ends with -wsrp.xml) as follows:
<deployments> <deployment> <wsrp-producer> <producer-id>bea</producer-id> <expiration-cache>120</expiration-cache> <endpoint-wsdl-url>http://wsrp.bea.com:7001/producer/producer?WSDL</endpoint-wsdl-url> <registration-data> <consumer-name>JBoss Portal 2.4 Test</consumer-name> <property> <name>registration/consumerRole</name> <lang>en</lang> <value>public</value> </property> </registration-data> </wsrp-producer> </deployment> </deployments>
This producer descriptor gives access to BEA's public WSRP producer. We will look at the details of the different elements later. Note for now the producer-id element with a "bea" value. Put this file in the deploy directory and start the server (with JBoss Portal and its WSRP service deployed).
Let's now look at the Admin page and the Management portlet. Click on the "Portlets" link at the top to manage the portlets. Once this is done, look at the list of available portlet providers. If all went well, you should see something similar to this:
We have 3 available portlet providers: local, self and bea. The "local" portlet provider exposes all the portlets deployed in this particular instance of Portal. As explained above, the "self" provider refers to the default WSRP consumer bundled with Portal that consumes the portlets exposed by the default WSRP producer. The "bea" provider corresponds to BEA's public producer we just configured. Select it and click on "Change portlet provider". You should now see something similar to:
From there on out, you should be able to configure the portlet just as any other, barring the restriction that the (optional) WSRP Portlet Management interface is not yet supported in 2.4. If everything went well, you created an instance of the portlet and assigned it to a window in a page. If you go to that page, you should see something similar to below for this portlet:
Let's now look at which information needs to be provided to configure access to a remote producer.
First, we need to provide an identifier for the producer we are configuring so that we can refer to it afterwards. This is accomplished via the <producer-id> element.
JBoss Portal also needs to learn about the remote producer's endpoints to be able to connect to the remote web services and perform the WSRP invocations. Two options are currently supported to provide this information:
Both <producer-id> and either <endpoint-config> or <endpoint-wsdl-url> are required elements for a functional remote producer configuration.
It is also possible to provide addtional configuration, which, in some cases, might be important to establish a proper connection to the remote producer.
One such optional configuration concerns caching. To prevent useless roundtrips between the local consumer and the remote producer, it is possible to cache some of the information sent by the producer (such as the list of offered portlets) for a given duration. The rate at which the information is refreshed is defined by the <expiration-cache> element which specifies the refreshing period in seconds.
Additionally, some producers require consumers to register with them before authorizing them to access their offered portlets. JBoss Portal currently only supports a very basic subset of in-band registration and it is thus possible to provide required registration information in the producer configuration so that the Portal consumer can register with the remote producer when required.
Registration configuration is done via the <registration-datat> element. We need to provide a consumer name (via the <consumer-name> element) for our consumer and then provide a list of values for the registration properties required by the remote producer via <property> elements. See the example below for more details.
Here is an example of a WSRP descriptor with a 2 minutes caching time and manual definition of the endpoint URLs:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <deployments> <deployment> <wsrp-producer> <producer-id>MyProducer</producer-id> <expiration-cache>120</expiration-cache> <endpoint-config> <service-description-url>http://www.someproducer.com/portal-wsrp/ServiceDescriptionService</service-description-url> <markup-url>http://www.someproducer.com/portal-wsrp/MarkupService</markup-url> <registration-url>http://www.someproducer.com/portal-wsrp/RegistrationService</registration-url> <portlet-management-url>http://www.someproducer.com/portal-wsrp/PortletManagementService</portlet-management-url> </endpoint-config> </wsrp-producer> </deployment> </deployments>
Here is an example of a WSRP descriptor with endpoint definition via remote WSDL file, registration data and cache expiring every minute:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <deployments> <deployment> <wsrp-producer> <producer-id>AnotherProducer</producer-id> <expiration-cache>60</expiration-cache> <endpoint-wsdl-url>http://example.com/producer/producer?WSDL</endpoint-wsdl-url> <registration-data> <consumer-name>JBoss Portal 2.4 Test</consumer-name> <property> <name>property name</name> <lang>en</lang> <value>property value</value> </property> </registration-data> </wsrp-producer> </deployment> </deployments>